Communist Party
 
 
 
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The Communist Party of the United States of America  
   




 
Official Name:
Communist Party of the United States of America
Founders:
Charles Emil Ruthenberg (1882–1927) and Louis C. Fraina (1892–1953)
Founding date:
September 1, 1919
Party Ideology:
The Communist Party aims to protect and promote the rights of working class Americans, regardless of gender, creed or sexual orientation, against the oppression and exploitation of the capitalist system and the ultra-right. The party is also an advocate for sustainable environmental policies.
Party History:
A two decade long power struggle between the moderate and the left wing faction of the of the Socialist Party of America intensified in the wake of the Russian Revolution in 1917, and ultimately led to the founding of the Communist Party of the United States of America on September 1, 1919 in Chicago.

Despite the century-long public negativity surrounding the party, and the numerous legal and Congressional level actions against them, the party views itself as one of the most decisive organizations in shaping 20th century America, mostly through its efforts of keeping the elements of fascism and Nazism from permeating into mainstream American politics.

These efforts even extended into Europe with the formation of the volunteer combat force, the Abraham Lincoln Brigade, which is most remembered for its exploits against the Fascist-leaning regime of Spanish dictator, Francisco Franco (1892-1975).

However, the party’s prevailing legacy in the eyes of many Americans is the secret, three decade long funding received from the former Soviet Union, as well as the highly controversial allegations of espionage.
Party address:
Communist Party USA National Office,
235 W. 23rd Street, 7th floor, New York, NY 10011


212-989-4994
www.cpusa.org
Party logo:
The Communist Party aims to protect and promote the rights of working class Americans, regardless of gender, creed or sexual orientation, against the oppression and exploitation of the capitalist system and the ultra-right. The party is also an advocate for sustainable environmental policies.
Party chairperson:
Sam Webb
Prominent figures:
• Charles Emil Ruthenberg (1882–1927): Party founder, writer, publisher and one of the most influential communist leaders in American history.

• Louis C. Fraina (1892–1953): The Italian-born Fraina co-founded the party at the age of 27. The alleged spy was also the author of the Left Wing Manifesto, which drove the final nail in the factional war of the Socialist Party of America, leading to the birth of the party.

• Jay Lovestone (born Jacob Liebstein , 1897-1990): The Lithuanian-born Lovestone served as Party Secretary between 1927 to 1929, when he was forced to step down by none other than Joseph Stalin himself. Lovestone, who would eventually become an opposition to the communist ideology, went on to make a name for himself in the labor union movement before revelations of his ties to the CIA ended his career.